Who can administer the sacrament? The Bible says that repentance is a pre-requisite for faith. Let us look at those this would eliminate. Since this practice was unknown in the New Testament or even the early Catholic church, it is speculative. A Simple Catholic Guide and Information about its Teaching, Prayers and Traditions. The word “Evangelist” simply means “a preacher of the gospel”, but to find what an evangelist does we need to dig a little deeper into God’s word. Consequently, just as a layman can baptize, as Christ's minister, so can a woman. In Acts 8:5 it says, “Then Philip went down to the city of Samaria, and preached Christ unto them.”  The city of Samaria was more than 30 miles away from Jerusalem, more than a days walk from where the church is located where he had been ordained as a deacon. If a person baptized by an extraordinary minister survives, he cannot be baptized again. It is also desirable … Some use the example of Philip to deny that teaching, so let’s take a moment to examine the work of Philip in baptism. Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business. The Supper movingly emphasizes the love of God that led Jesus to give … It is administered by washing with natural water and at the same time invoking the Most Holy Trinity. An old Catholic tradition requires the godparents to buy the clothes the baby will … During their conversation, the eunuch accepts Jesus as his Savior and wanted to be baptized. One of the key points involves the phrase “which was one of the seven”; was Philip a deacon or was this a former office? We’ve already established the fact that while he was here, God gave him the authority to prepare a people. This is the BAPTISMAL CERTIFICATE. This man is called and ordained by God to edify and work to perfect the saints through the preaching and teaching of the Word of God. Anybody—even an atheist—can administer baptism if he has the proper intention. Can someone be baptized twice? As I stated, the Bible teaches that only a God-called ordained man has the ability to properly administer baptism, and yet here it seems that a church-called man has been baptizing and it’s being accepted. Let me give you some background. Look at another example of administrators of baptism. Excluding the aforementioned, under normal circumstances, only a Bishop, a priest or a deacon can administer the Sacrament of Baptism within their territory (parish). Baptism administered by the proper individual that does not have the authority of the church is just as wrong as one that tries to baptize without being God-called or ordained. Baptism can also be performed by a non-Catholic who would do it properly, if there is no other option. A priest can technically perform all seven sacraments. 3. The Rite for Christian Initiation (of which Baptism is a part) is clear that while a parish celebration is the norm and highly preferred, Baptism should be administered in danger of death and this might mean a lay person will have to do it. Answer: The ordinary ministers of baptism (in other words, the people ordinarily expected to perform baptism) are priests and deacons. Albany Missionary Baptist Church-Albany, Oregon. Some use the example of Philip to deny that teaching, so let’s take a moment to examine the work of Philip in baptism. The importance of baptism in God’s plan of salvation is repeatedly stressed in the New Testament. And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue; whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly. In both the book of Acts and the Epistles, the proper understanding of how one is saved (Acts 19:1-5) and the symbolism involved in baptism (Romans 6) seem to be more important than who is doing the baptism. You are probably most familiar with seeing it practiced in various denominations of Christianity; Catholics, Assemblies of God, and of course Baptists partake in baptisms, as well as most others. With the issuing of what we call the “Great Commission” in Matthew 28:19,20, Jesus gave the authority of baptism to his New Testament church. Copyright © 2021 Albany Missionary Baptist Church. “And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration. It is also desirable … Normally, baptism is administered in a church or oratory (in the case of a child, this would usually be the parish church of the parents) by a bishop, priest or deacon. Amen.”. We find Paul coming to the same place, to the same people and after investigating, he baptizes them properly, since he had the authority to do so. Who can administer the sacrament? Baptism is the first of seven sacraments and the way in which a person becomes a member of the Catholic Church. QUESTION: You say that infant baptism is ONE way of salvation. Jesus did not give ALL authority to his church. 3. A witness to a lay baptism should be present, but this is not of necessity. (2 Corinthians 5:21 NLT) 5. In fact the duty of the deacons was only to take care of the “daily ministration”, or the physical needs of the members of that local church. Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and the signs which were done. . Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. The Epistles never discuss who is to baptize. Many will argue that this verse shows that Philip was one of the seven, that he was a deacon, called by the church and that he was baptizing: therefore, the church can choose whoever they want to administer baptism. In this present time, the availability of a priest is extremely rare, so we provide these instructions on how a lay person may administer the Sacrament of 3. No one may baptize himself. In Acts 8:38 the Bible says, “…and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.” Originally, bishops, priests and sometimes deacons may perform baptisms. The first five (Sacraments of Initiation and Sacraments of Healing) are pretty obvious, and the priest is an ordinary minister of each. 318. Who can administer Baptism? WHO can ADMINISTER Baptism? The journey of faith that begins in individual baptism continues in the church community. 4. 2. Who can perform a Catholic baptism? Anybody, even an unbeliever or a heretic can validly administer baptism. Does the … The United Methodist Church recognizes two sacraments, baptism and communion. The bishop is the higher authority and can give the power to subordinates. The person doing the baptizing can utilize the experience to explain the nature of salvation and the meaning of baptism. Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John: Who, when they were come down, prayed for them. One of those questions often is: “Who can baptize another person?” In those days, solemn Baptism was administered on Holy Saturday, on the eve of Whitsunday, and on the eve of the Epiphany. Only repentant believers were baptized. There is debate among Christian churches as to who can administer baptism. This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. Some have looked into the New Testament and concluded that every instance of baptism in the New Testament is one in which a Christian man does the baptizing. In verse 26 of this same chapter we find, “And the angel of the Lord spake unto Philip, saying, Arise, and go toward the south unto the way that goeth down from Jerusalem unto Gaza, which is desert.” Philip is now being instructed to go from Samaria to Gaza, approximately 80 miles away, and still roughly 40 miles away from Jerusalem. Baptism has long been an important element in many spiritual traditions. Thus, they have concluded, that in order to be properly baptized, a person must be baptized by a man who is a Christian. Baptism is one of the 2 sacraments (the other being Matrimony) that can be done without a priest. Some claim that the examples given in the New Testament only show apostles and deacons administering baptism. Baptism marks the beginning of our lifelong journey as disciples of Jesus Christ. In both the book of Acts and the Epistles, the proper understanding of how one is saved (Acts 19:1-5) and the symbolism involved in baptism (Romans 6) seem to be more important than who is doing the baptism. . The church only has the authority to carry out what Jesus said they were to carry out. In a case of an emergency, anyone can administer the Sacrament of Baptism, providing there is an intent to do so and the proper words are being said. Your church probably has a very strong preference that clergy conduct baptisms, so you should not go around the neighborhood baptizing people. Q: A friend’s husband is going to become a Catholic this year at the Easter Vigil. Parents should tell their children when and where they were baptized, so that even should the certificate be lost and the parents die, the registration may be traced. My friend says that the pastor will administer three sacraments all at the Vigil Mass: baptism, confirmation, and Holy Communion. The word “of” comes from the Greek word “ek”, which means “out of”. In case a child is baptized in a hospital, at home, or elsewhere, in some other church, the parish priest should be notified. In fact, after the encounter with the eunuch, we see in verse 40 that he ends up in Caesarea, “But Philip was found at Azotus: and passing through he preached in all the cities, till he came to Caesarea.”  Again, if he’s a deacon in Jerusalem, why isn’t he in Jerusalem? The church only has the authority to carry out what Jesus said they were to carry out. Baptism administered by a Protestant or other minister is valid if properly performed: that is, with the use of water, together with the form of Baptism, and having the intention to do what the Church does. The final example to consider is John the Baptist. Because Baptism is a necessary prerequisite to enter heaven, when an unbaptized person is in danger of death, and no priest is available, anyone may baptize. The bishop is the higher authority and can give the power to subordinates. When properly given, lay baptism is as valid as baptism given by a priest. Belinda. In Acts 8, Philip is instructed by the Holy Spirit to join up with the Ethiopian eunuch to help him in understanding the scriptures. The short answer is “Yes.”. However, it would be very wrong to do it without serious reason. However, most churches will recognize a baptism performed by a layperson in an emergency. Children should be baptized in the parochial church to which their parents belong, because the registration should be made there. I believe only ordained pastors–and depending on your understanding of the offices, this may include ordained elders (like it does in the RCA)–should administer the sacraments in general, and perform baptisms in particular. Can someone be baptized twice? 2. Who can perform a Catholic baptism? Consequently, just as a layman can baptize, as Christ's minister, so can a woman. How to Perform a Baptism. That they might receive the Holy Ghost: (for as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) As justification for this view, some will say that in Matthew 28:18-20 where Jesus tells the church to, among other things, baptize people, that this commission gives the church all authority, which would include choosing the administrator for a baptism. The priest is the usual minister of Baptism, but if there is danger that someone will die without Baptism, anyone else may and should baptize. The Catholic Church has delineated who can perform a baptism. 3. You can also e-mail us and we might be able to find a true Catholic in your area who could perform a baptism. A deeper dive into the theology behind baptism can be found in the introduction to the sacraments. The ordinary ministers of baptism (in other words, the people ordinarily expected to perform baptism) are priests and deacons. This website references (2 Cor. If the authority of Jesus to administer baptism lies only in his church, each church can commission any member it sees fit to baptize as a representative of the church by the authority of Christ. They are valuable, also, as containing a summary of the main points to be considered in the treatment of this important matter. 4. A baptism is a relatively simple ceremony in terms of logistics. What is discussed is the meaning behind baptism. Yet when shown the “way of God more perfectly” he accepts his error, then adapts his thinking and practice to that of the true way of God. “But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. However, he is taken to the church, and the ceremonies that had been omitted are supplied. [For a thorough dealing of this topic, see Lyons and Butt, n.d.] After realizing the importance of baptism, many honest-hearted truth seekers have asked several sincere questions. In order to baptize validly, natural fresh water or holy water is poured, on the head, face, or body of the person being baptized, and at the same time the words are pronounced: “I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”. man, is Christ" (1 Cor.11:3), a woman should not baptize if a man be available for the purpose; just as neither should a layman in the presence of a cleric, nor a cleric in the presence of a priest. If the authority of Jesus to administer baptism lies only in his church, each church can commission any member it sees fit to baptize as a representative of the church by the authority of Christ. “And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus. Baptism is a true sacrament instituted by Christ. The Bible teaches that only a God-called, ordained minister can administer baptism. As we can see here, the label “evangelist” is given to a God called, ordained man. But since "the head of the woman is the man," and "the head of . Jesus did not give ALL authority to his church. If Philip was ordained to be a worker within the church in Jerusalem, why is he being led by God to go all over the country? Baptism pictures the gospel. The other key point of this verse is the label given to Philip while here at Caesarea, Philip the evangelist. What is an evangelist and what does an evangelist do? The principle of following biblical examples and precedents is often an important key to determining biblical authority for certain actions, when explicit commands and other information have not been given. Answer: There is nothing in the Bible that states who can and cannot baptize someone. The priest is the usual minister of Baptism, but if there is danger that someone will die without Baptism, anyone else may and should baptize. 5. It should be very carefully kept, as later it will be needed for the sacrament of Confirmation. John was a God-called man, ordained to do a specific work for the Lord. You can water-baptize yourself anywhere, anytime, you want. However, the instruction as to who can administer baptism has always been the same, only a God-called, ordained man is allowed to perform this ordinance and only by the authorization of a New Testament church. [ citation needed ] Ancient Christian churches interpret this as indicating that baptism should be performed by the clergy except in extremis , i.e., when the one being baptized is in immediate danger of death . The baptism gown. The Epistles never discuss who is to baptize. But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word. It is true that we have no written record that plainly states that God called him to the ministry, that he was sent out by the church and authorized by the church to baptize. The Bible teaches that only a God-called, ordained minister can administer baptism. 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