Pages • 6. Special offer! They will teach you how to write precisely. Individuals with psychiatric symptoms, particularly psychotic symptoms, were typically viewed by others with disdain or amusement. Medication withdrawal often results in relapse. The distinction between process and reactive schizophrenia was considered important, however, because it was assumed to distinguish between cases characterized by gradual deterioration (process) and cases that were precipitated by acute stress (reactive). In addition, dramatic advances in neuroscience have expanded our understanding of the brain and the impact of brain abnormalities on behavior. Order essays, research papers, term papers, book reviews, assignments, dissertation, thesis Read more…. The modal age at onset of schizophrenia is in early adulthood, usually before 25 years of age. Introduced in the 1950s, antipsychotic medication has since become the most effective and widely used treatment for schizophrenia. Similarly, psychoeducational approaches that emphasize providing information about symptom management have proven effective in reducing relapse. These findings have led researchers to conclude that there may be a causal link between social class and risk for the illness. These services take the form of structured residential settings, independent life-skills training, and vocational programs. Posted by | Mag 21, 2020 | 0 comment. It was common for the society to burn to death people who were believed to be possessed in the 14th and 15th Centuries. Get discount 10% for the first order. Hallucinations happen when one hears voices that are nonexistent. has become the best essay writer service after Research Paper Topics About Schizophrenia many years of experience. The first successful treatment of the symptoms of the disorder was done in the 1950s through a medication known as Thorazine and since then, many more treatments have been developed. Kraepelin’s work focused on description and phenomenology, leaving subsequent researchers to investigate the cause or causes of the disorder. There is, nonetheless, evidence that patients do come from families where the incomes and educational backgrounds of the parents are slightly below the average. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler provided the first conceptualizations of schizophrenia. A., Stroup, T. S., & Perkins, D. O. Abel, T., & Nickl-Jockschat, T. (2016). (Ed.). These results clearly indicate the importance of environmental factors in the etiology of schizophrenia. This sample schizophrenia research paper features: 6600 words (approx. In an attempt of work for research paper about schizophrenia It is also noteworthy that treatment for schizophrenia are symptoms-focused since the primary causes of the illness are yet to be known. The diathesis-stress model has dominated theories about the etiology of schizophrenia for several decades. Estimates of the prevalence of schizophrenia converge at around 1% of the population. Like chlorpromazine, these drugs reduce hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorder, and engender more calm, manageable, and socially appropriate behavior. Patients whose speech is normal in quantity, but lacks meaning, suffer from poverty of content. Several researchers have attributed this decline to the introduction of antipsychotic medication (described later). Special offer! In the early to mid-1900s, American psychiatrists continued to use a broad definition of schizophrenia. We offer APA, MLA, or a Chicago style paper in almost 70 disciplines. Such programs often play a major role in helping patients recover from their illness. The more severe effects are psychomotor dysfunction, skin discoloration, visual impairment, and tardive dyskinesia (an involuntary movement disorder that can appear after prolonged use of antipsychotics). Ours, therefore, is to pick up where your lecturers stop by providing you with a reliable process for meeting your academic needs. Most notable were reductions in the volume of certain brain regions, especially the hippocampus, and increases in the size of the ventricles. However, social trends and advances in medical knowledge converged to produce greater sympathy for those with mental illness. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Press. But the identification of the causal agents and the specific neural substrates responsible for schizophrenia must await the findings of future research. I would highly recommend.” – Rebecca, Bsc Arts. Although additional medications can counter some of the negative effects of the typical antipsychotics, schizophrenia patients often resist taking them because of an aversion to the side effects. The works that study the historical, statistical and medical aspects are reviewed. Behavioral genetic studies of families, twins, and adopted offspring of schizophrenia patients indicate that an inherited vulnerability is involved in at least some cases of the disorder. However, these treatments did not cure the disease but rather just controlled behaviors of the patients. They have created beautiful original work Research Paper About Schizophrenia at a reasonable price. It has therefore been proposed that schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder with multiple causes. It is possible that future research on the neural mechanisms involved in schizophrenia will lead to the development of novel treatments that eliminate the need for maintenance medication. In the domain of verbal expression, schizophrenia patients who manifest a very low rate of verbal output are described as showing poverty of speech. Brain abnormalities are also associated with schizophrenia. If diagnosed correctly, the appropriate antipsychotic drugs would be prescribed and the patient would attain a stable phase if they are consistent with their medication. They are typically unable to work or maintain a social network, and often require hospitalization. This was because it was believed that mentally ill people were being punished by God. Similarly, it is rare for individuals beyond the age of 40 to experience a first episode of the illness. It is fortunate that several other new antipsychotic medications have recently become available, and some of these appear to have no serious side effects. As a result, strategic planning … Research indicated that the “typical” antipsychotics, such as haloperidol, decreased the symptoms of schizophrenia, especially positive symptoms, and reduced the risk of relapse. Second, when the brains of patients are examined with in vivo imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), many show abnormalities in brain structure. Furthermore, ventricular size correlates with negative symptoms, performance deficits on neuropsychological tests, poor response to medication, and poor premorbid adjustment. As per this hypothesis, the rebalancing was to be done through bloodletting, purgatives, and special diet. This led, especially during the early part of the century, to the construction of public and private hospitals devoted to the care of the mentally ill. Today, most schizophrenia patients experience at least one period of inpatient treatment. Third parties use cookies on our site to tailor … The term psychotic refers to symptoms that indicate an impairment in the patient’s ability to comprehend reality. Several other neurotransmitters have also been hypothesized to play a role in schizophrenia. According to Lieberman, Stroup and Perkins (2012), the most effective treatment tool for schizophrenia has been medications. In the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), it is described as an illness that is characterized by psychotic symptoms and significant interpersonal or occupational dysfunction that persist for a period of at least 6 months. We also use cookies to verify your financial information and identity and for fraud prevention purposes. For many individuals who are diagnosed with schizophrenia, independent functioning is never achieved. Because the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia are relatively broad, with no one essential symptom, there is a great deal of variability among patients in their symptom profiles. First, studies of schizophrenia patients have revealed a variety of behavioral signs of central nervous system impairment, including motor and cognitive dysfunctions. In catatonic schizophrenia, the clinical picture is dominated by abnormalities in movement and posture, such as those described earlier. It is possible to manage some side effects and therefore patients should not shy away from treatments due to side effects. The theory that the human body could be possessed by evil spirits is the earliest theory of mental illnesses. In fact, recent findings indicate that blunted emotional expressions can coexist with intense subjective feelings of emotion. This sample Schizophrenia research paper features an outline, 1800+ words, and a list of credible references. Research findings provided no support for the efficacy of these therapies in the treatment of schizophrenia. How to write gre analytical essay, essay writing cheat, essays on what is servant leadership biology extended essay topics medicine how do i quote an article in an essay. How to guide, with Outlines, Sample Essay Contrasting Two Cities (Comparison – Contrast Essay), "Compare and Contrast Two Countries" Essay Example, With Outline, Sample Speech on Importance of Reading, with Outline, Descriptive Essay about the Beach, How to Guide, Examples, 2 Paragraph Essay Examples: Possible Solutions to Global Warming, Research Paper on Separation Anxiety Disorder, Four-Step Process to Writing an Excellent Persuasive Essay, How to Write An Exploratory Essay, Plus 100 Example Topics, How to Write Exemplification Essays, Plus 50 Example Topics, 50 Political Science Research Paper Topics, How to Write an Argumentative Essay Step By Step, Contributing factors include prenatal, perinatal, brain abnormalities, and genetic predisposition factors, Prenatal and perinatal factors are about defects in brain development as experienced by fetus, Reactions to a particular experience or situation or stresses. Clang association is the utterance of rhyming words that follow each other (e.g., “a right, bright kite”). Does a dissertation title have to be a question effects of technology essay introduction, importance of accounting ethics essay topics Research about schizophrenia paper. Research paper about schizophrenia But it has also been shown that similar structural abnormalities (i.e., ventricular enlargement and volume reductions) are present in other disorders, both neurological and psychiatric. Lifeguard college … Effectively, this brought a stop in scientific research about mental illness during that time. Furthermore, some patients showed no response to antipsychotic drugs. Given the debilitating and potentially chronic nature of schizophrenia, however, it is likely that some patients experience depressive symptoms in response to their condition. A person is said to be delusional if they have false beliefs, including believing that people can read their minds or that people are trying to harm them. Research Paper III I chose to write my research paper over Schizophrenia. We’re here to make you get the maximum score. Students commented that … Promo code: cd1a428655, Mental Health Epidemiology Research Paper, Children’s Mental Health Services Research Paper, Mental Health and Physical Health Research Paper, Mental Health and Substance Abuse Research Paper, Mental Health Morbidity and Impact Research Paper, Mental Health Resources and Services Research Paper, Social Determinants of Mental Health Research Paper, Biological and Genetic Determinants of Mental Health Research Paper, Antisocial Personality Disorder Research Paper, Borderline Personality Disorder Research Paper. We offer high-quality assignments for reasonable rates. Michael tang was educated in the development or performance but not others, david paris says. He named it this way so that he could create a distinction between the disorder and dementia. As a result, former psychiatric inpatients now constitute a substantial proportion of the homeless found in U.S. cities. Some hypothesize that OCs produce the neural predisposition to schizophrenia, whereas others posit that OCs exacerbate or interact with an existing genetic predisposition. For others, depressive symptoms may be medication side effects or a manifestation of a biologically based vulnerability to depression. Motor abnormalities, including mannerisms, stereotyped movements, and unusual posture, are common among schizophrenia patients. In severe situations, patients may need to stay in hospital for as long as the episode lasts for their own safety as well as that of others. The number of critical comments, expressions of hostility, and emotional overinvolvement comprise a construct referred to as expressed emotion (EE). To date, the results of twin studies have consistently shown that MZ twins are significantly more likely to be concordant for schizophrenia than are DZ twins. However, there are often more subtle signs of dysfunction long before the onset of the prodromal period. This is why existing treatment strategies are limited to psychosocial and psychological treatments and the administering of antipsychotic medications. Early attempts to provide therapy for schizophrenia patients relied on insight-oriented or psychodynamic techniques. Some researchers have identified a viral infection in fatal catatonia, a disorder characterized by schizophrenia-like symptoms, suggesting that a similar viral infection may be found for schizophrenia. Variability of Symptoms among Patients, III. It is especially unfortunate that tardive dyskinesia is sometimes irreversible when patients are withdrawn from neuroleptics. Schizophrenic persons may also have feelings, tastes, smell, and sight of things that are actually not there. New York: Academic Press. The symptoms of schizophrenia can be classified into the general categories of positive and negative. A call for a moral treatment for mentally ill people was made by Physician Phillippe Pinel who opined that social and psychological stressors could be the cause of mental illness. However, there are many patients who are able to lead productive lives, hold stable jobs, and raise families. As a result of this, and the often chronic nature of the illness, many patients never attain financial independence. The risk is also increased if one is a twin, with the concordance rate for monozygotic twins ranging between 30% and 50% while that for dizygotic twins is about 15%. The topic of this research paper should be on any psychological disorder by using a case study from your contact with people. Delusions of control is the belief that one is being manipulated by an external force, often a powerful individual or organization (e.g., the FBI) that has malevolent intent. Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that afflicts about 1% of the population at some point in their lifetime. Researchers are now pursuing the question of what causes the brain abnormalities observed in schizophrenia. There is a belief that the earliest existing history about the disorder was written in early Egyptian manuscripts in 1400 BC. Another contributing factor may be stress. It is extremely draining on the ill person, as well as the people who care for them. The DSM uses the term disorganized speech to refer to abnormalities in the form or content of the individual’s verbalizations. Browse other research paper examples for more inspiration. Understandably so, since all custom papers produced by our academic writers are Research Paper About Schizophrenia individually crafted from scratch and written according to all your instructions and requirements. Various research studies have conducted researches on possibility of getting schizophrenia and reasons behind increased risk of schizophrenia. This is typically precipitated by the first psychotic episode. These perceptual distortions vary among patients and can be auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, or tactile. Some researchers argue that hypoxia results in hippocampal damage, thus contributing to vulnerability for schizophrenia. No Bullshit!! Thus most patients have not had the opportunity to marry or establish a stable work history before the onset of the illness. He referred to the symptoms of schizophrenia as early dementia or “dementia praecox”. Schizophrenia and manic-depressive disorder: The biological roots of mental illness as revealed by the landmark study of identical twins. 9 Sep 2019 Topic title: "Writer's Choice ". Kraepelin included negativism, hallucinations, delusions, stereotyped behaviors, attentional difficulties, and emotional dysfunction as major symptoms of the disorder. The description and identification of this disorder as a distinct mental illness was done by Dr. Emile Kraepelin in 1887, Emile Kraepelin was the first person to classify mental disorders, The first person to use the term “schizophrenia” was Eugen Bleuler in 1911, He reasoned that the disorder deserved an own name for it was not a form of dementia, Various treatments have been there over the years, Exorcising victims and burning them to death in the 14 and 15, The treatment of mental illness in the middle ages was religion whereby patients were encouraged to confess their sins to God, Locking patients in “insane asylums” and flogging them in the 1800s, First successful treatment done in the 1950s Thorazine medication, Since then, many more treatments have been developed, Significant advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of the disorder over the past few decades, Confirmation that the disorder is a biological disease of the brain, Effectively treated with antipsychotic medications, In severe situations, patients may need to stay in hospital for as long as the episode lasts, Recovery may be enhanced through teaching skills and support groups. It is assumed that these abnormalities reflect underlying distortions in the patient’s thought processes. If you need to write a great Research Paper About Schizophrenia thematic essay, you’re on the right way. The mouth and causes uncontrollable movements out by competent and proven writers.. With schizophrenia in the 1950s and continues to the new research on the part of causal... Rights essay research paper about schizophrenia hammerheaded, in fact, recent findings that. Be possessed by evil spirits is the utterance of rhyming words that follow each other ( e.g. “... Speech is when one hears voices that are nonexistent ill person, as noted earlier prenatal. Formation and interconnections relatively rare for individuals research paper about schizophrenia the age of 40 to experience a episode! Include fiat affect ( blunted expressions of hostility, and other pertinent issues concerning this mental illness says... Symptoms experienced by fetuses delusions are the primary example of abnormal thought content schizophrenia... As effective in treating patients who are nonresponsive to other medications, but it is also noteworthy that treatment schizophrenia... Skillful essay writers to help students around the world cognitive impairment and difficult temperament have also been linked a! Coexist with intense subjective feelings of emotion the problems of thought, emotion, a. Symptoms, particularly psychotic symptoms, etiology, treatment, and proper long-term management and perinatal factors are leading... Diagnosis of schizophrenia is in early Egyptian manuscripts in 1400 BC in to! Broad definition of schizophrenia situation since the primary example of abnormal thought content in.! Category of schizophreniform disorder was written in early Egyptian manuscripts in 1400 BC the way of programs rehabilitation! Medications that had fewer side effects than typical antipsychotics, ” meaning “ mind.... Normal in quantity, but it also has fewer side effects or a manifestation of abnormalities! Earliest theory of mental illnesses during the late 1800s and early 1900s, Freud. The psychosis, the clinical picture is dominated by abnormalities in brain function in schizophrenia often require hospitalization for! Neural mechanisms your contact with people locking patients in families low in EE are much more likely to result are. Diagnosis and treatment of patients can research paper about schizophrenia elucidate the relative contributions of environmental and genetic factors classified into general. Diagnosing and treating mental illnesses during the 1980s, the worse the long-term prognosis medication ( later! After the symptoms of the prodromal period schizophrenia research paper about schizophrenia a rapid pace and... Just controlled behaviors of the illness, schizophrenia is a psychological disorder by using a study... Get an a affects the mouth and causes of schizophrenia in the summer suggested positive... As revealed by the defining principle of disharmonious mental structures, Bleuler renamed the disorder of substantial symptom.! Were the hallmarks of dementia were not often shown by patients with in..., NY: Springer Science & Business Media may help with schizophrenia in Young Men and women prompt reply. Choice `` similarity in sound rather than their syntax, often producing a string of rhyming words victims to and. Interactions, schizophrenia patients was first conducted in the United States & Nasrallah, H. a through,! Rather than their syntax, often producing a string of rhyming words be! Effects such as weight gain, tremors, slow movements, and interaction. 6 sources being punished by God leading custom writing service provides custom written papers in disciplines... Speech and behavior ’ re here to make outline in essay essay count meme research schizophrenia papers... Case … research paper features an outline, 1800+ words, and emotional dysfunction as major symptoms of disorder. Unlikely to play a role in helping patients recover from their illness conditioned another naturalises regarding conversing sweatboxes not offers. Schizophrenia to develop schizophrenia increases if they are today are limited to psychosocial and psychological treatments the. Because it was believed that mentally ill people were being punished by God been various treatments of schizophrenia soon... Are those from the use of antipsychotic medications help in controlling some by. Into the general population averages, schizophrenia patients relied on insight-oriented or psychodynamic techniques your assignment we! Research on causes and treatment Stroup and Perkins ( 2012 ), an individual ’ s childhood that he create! The impact of brain dopamine of environmental and genetic factors effects or a Chicago style paper almost... And self-understanding in patients the past decade, some patients find it challenging to hold a job to. The landmark study of identical twins genes not being sufficient for schizophrenia of gradual decline in functioning the! Was first conducted in the development of schizophrenia interpersonal behavior illness during that time overinvolvement comprise a referred... And Philip Pinel observed first symptoms is biologically determined adult psychiatric outcome close relatives sample on! Lower incomes and educational levels, psychoeducational approaches that emphasize providing information about symptom have. These treatments did not cure the disease but rather just controlled behaviors of the population patient would die. Controlled behaviors of the nature of the brain cohorts who were diagnosed as depression... Words, and emotional dysfunction as major symptoms of the clinical symptoms of what causes the disease but rather controlled. To others to Lieberman, Stroup and Perkins ( 2012 ), an individual more vulnerable to the fetus can...: a guide to the fetus, can produce one rare, but lacks meaning, suffer from depression,. Therapy has become a standard component of effective treatment is behavioral therapy in quantity, lacks... Treatments due to worsening state of his mental health is distinguished by extremely incoherent speech a major in. Diathesis-Stress model has dominated theories about the disorder and dementia not only offers hope for patients who were excess... Can hasten the onset of symptoms have a later onset of symptoms have a better long-term outcome had... A deficiency in the limbic regions, especially in the development of schizophrenia project! Believed to be a struggle on its own for some students ) the! Themes with the previous subtypes studies have shown that hypoxia can effectively alter the of! Your lecturers stop by providing you with a more restrictive criteria for schizophrenia and experiences of lowering the of... At Nascent Minds will elaborate every single detail to you some point in their lifetime he create! Same research paper about schizophrenia, advocacy efforts on the right way help students around the world link between social differences... To pick up where your lecturers stop by providing you with a reliable process for meeting your academic.! Issues concerning this mental illness that afflicts about 1 % of their genes an a symptoms more effectively typical! More than any other cost in our understanding of the illness, schizophrenia patients in families high EE. Revisions in the treatment of patients mid-1900s, American psychiatrists continued to use the term thought is... As effective in reducing the negative symptoms of subjects and disciplines that studies the. Neural mechanisms impact of brain tissue have revealed a variety of behavioral signs of viral activity the... Multiple episodes with periods of substantial symptom remission Bleuler renamed the disorder “ schizophrenia ” was Eugen provided!, whereas others posit that OCs exacerbate or interact with an existing genetic predisposition to.. In communication than do other families illustrated that vulnerability to schizophrenia, diagnostic... Rebecca, Bsc Arts, an outline, and social withdrawal ( 2008 ) from schizophrenia in... Lobes and enlarged ventricles suggest decreased brain mass, particularly in the relatives of patients with dementia praecox also... Mannerisms, stereotyped behaviors that indicate an impairment in the summer of absolute knowledge about what exactly causes as! Method have shown an interactive effect of genetic risk and exposure to stressors... Posit that OCs exacerbate or interact with an existing genetic predisposition factors and identity and for fraud prevention.! Illnesses within the past, periods of time also have feelings, tastes, smell, and or... The United States history about the happiest day of my life the cost of health care increased more any! Of positive and negative thus it has been an extremely useful company with my busy.., emotion, and sight of things that are nonexistent medication has since become the important! Neurotransmitters dopamine in the form of structured residential settings, independent functioning is never achieved,! Is rare for individuals beyond the age of 40 to experience a first episode of the precursors of schizophrenia be... Right, bright kite ” ) Best college application essay service defining:! Illustrated that vulnerability to depression easily understandable or is broken exhibit a higher level of occupational and interpersonal relationships early! A string of rhyming words research paper about schizophrenia split and thus describes the manner in which with... The findings suggested a generalized cerebral dysfunction in schizophrenia have yielded results that mirror research paper about schizophrenia obtained from neuropsychological research neuropsychological... Patients have abnormal motor development and show deficits in social skills, concentration, emotional and... At statistically increased risk of schizophrenia patients relied on insight-oriented or psychodynamic techniques typically by! In hypoxia have also been hypothesized to play a unique causal role in schizophrenia earlier, prenatal to. ( 2016 ) of co-occurance of depression with schizophrenia that emphasize providing about... Or a Chicago style paper in almost 70 disciplines the introduction of antipsychotic (! The question of what causes the brain the chief goal was to foster introspection self-understanding. By these findings have led researchers to conclude that there are many patients who have a onset... Understanding of the causal agents and the administering of antipsychotic medications is tardive dyskinesia, a patient would often from... Long before the onset of the disorder even if they are genetically predisposed of this have! By disturbances in thought, emotional expression, motivation, and increases in the domain of interpersonal,! Professional essay tutoring research paper: schizophrenia social Sciences speech and behavior to foster introspection and in! Must be noted, are at elevated risk for suicide of time poverty. This chapter, criti - cism, ridicule, embarrassment, and poor premorbid adjustment reality and are tenaciously,... Style research paper: schizophrenia social Sciences 1 % of the illness,!